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Construction d'une frise :
Chronology : the Welfare state
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Great Britain enters WWII
The Beveridge Report
William Beveridge publishes his report called " on Social insurance and Allied services"
The Butler Act ( or Education Act)
- Public school system
-free meals and milk in schools to all children under the age of 18
-The act raised the school-leaving age to 15 and provided universal free schooling in three different types of schools; grammar, secondary modern and technical.
Family allowance act
The Family Allowance Act is a law that ensured that all dependant children below 15 years of age, those aged between 15-18 years, still in education and older non-working children were provided Family and Child-Tax allowance.
National Health Service Act
"National Health Service that would be, "free to all who want to use it." Some members of the medical profession opposed the government's plans. Between 1946 and its introduction in 1948, the British Medical Association (BMA) mounted a vigorous campaign against this proposed legislation. In one survey of doctors carried out in 1948, the BMA claimed that only 4,734 doctors out of the 45,148 polled, were in favour of a National Health Service.
By July 1948, Aneurin Bevan had guided the National Health Service Act safely through Parliament. This legislation provided people in Britain with free diagnosis and treatment of illness, at home or in hospital, as well as dental and ophthalmic services. As Minister of Health, Bevan was now in charge of 2,688 hospitals in England and Wales."
sources : http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Lhealth48.htm
National Insurance Act
The Act provided for compulsory contributions for unemployment, sickness, maternity and widows' benefits and old age pensions from employers and employees, with the government funding the balance.
"Housing act is an Act of Parliament which enabled local authorities to acquire homes for improvement or conversion with 75% Exchequer grants. It also bestowed upon local authorities a wide range of useful powers, such as to provide restaurants or canteens and laundry facilities for tenants of municipal flats and housing estates, and to sell furniture to them. The legislation also removed the restriction imposed upon local authorities by previous pieces of housing legislation which limited them to providing housing for working-class people only. The aim of this change was to allow local authorities to develop mixed estates of houses of more varied types and sizes, thereby attracting all income groups. In addition, housing improvement grants for private landlords and owner occupiers were introduced under the Act."
Source : Wikipedia.com
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