1776 : Declaration of Independance 1865 : Creation of the Ku Klux Klan 1896 : Plessy v. Ferguson legitimate the racist legislation by the separate but equal doctine 1909 : Creation of the NAACP 1914 : Marcus Gravey starts his Black nationalist movment 1930 : Creation of the NOI 1947 : Jackie Robinson is the first Black playing in Baseball Major League 1954 : The judgment of the Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education declares unconstitutional racial segregation in public schools 1955 : Rosa Park is arrested 1957 : Creation of the SCLS 1960 : First sit-in in Greensboro 1961 : Decree of JFK to fight against racial discriminations at hiring 1963 : Washington Walk 1964 : Malcom X create Black nationalist movment 1965 : Murder of Malcom X 1967 : The judgment of the Supreme Court Loving v. Virginia, declares unconstitutional the prohibition of mixed marriages 1968 : Murder of Martin Luther King 1968 : Olympic Games. Tommie Smith and John Carlos - black American athletes - raise their fist, covered with a black glove and black socks. "Black power." 1992 : Carol Moseley Braun, the first African American elected senator from Illinois. 2008 : Barack Obama is the first Black president in USA
De 1861 à 1865 : Secession War who marks the end of slavery De 1957 à 1959 : In Little Rock (Arkansas), violent crisis leading to the abolition of segregation in schools De 1987 à 1989 : Colin Powell, the first African American to become national security adviser.